Wines. Lecture 11. Champagne - Wines: Champagne and...

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Wines: Champagne and Sparkling Wine What factors make Champagne different from other Sparkling wines? - champagne from an AOC region of France - marginal climate in champagne region grapes rarely ripen fully - average temperature = 51 F - soil = 18” of loam on top of 800 feet of chalk - 3 grape varietals for champagne: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier - sparking wines: cheaper, less expensive grapes (Chenin Blanc) - champagne must be aged a minimum of 15 months on yeast, but usually requires 3 years or more - many producers do not own their own vineyards champagne mainly produced by “champagne houses” such as Moet and Chandon - pressure differences account for differences in the “sparkle” champagne = minimum of 5.5 atm mousseux = minimum of 3.5 atm cremant (slightly sparkling) = must have 2-4 atm US sparkling wine = any wine with greater than 2.7 atm What are the different categories of Champagne and how do they differ? What are the different age requirements for the different categories? - Non-vintage Champagne (NV) = any champagne w/out a vintage year, accounts for 85% of all champagne wines from 3 or 4 harvests go into a blend aged a minimum of 15 months in bottle before selling best champagnes age for 2.5-3 years in bottle before selling bottling must be done after January 1 following harvest - Vintage Champagne = champagne made from the grape harvest of one vintage year, grapes are ripe enough that wine does not need to be blended with reserve wines from previous years, accounts for 15% of all champagne aged a minimum of 3 years in bottle before selling best champagnes age 4-6 years in bottle before selling 2 categories Regular Vintage = vintage date and name of house Prestige Cuvee or Premium Vintage = finest grapes and longest aging, closer to 6 years of aging in bottle (ex: Dom Perignon) - Blanc de blancs = champagne made ONLY from Chardonnay, lighter and more delicate - Blanc de noirs = made ONLY from red grapes, usually Pinot Noir What are the different styles of Champagne available? -
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2009 for the course HADM 430 taught by Professor Mutkowski during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Wines. Lecture 11. Champagne - Wines: Champagne and...

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