ILROB 171 Durkheim - industrial society &...

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ILR OB 171: Emile Durkheim consensus theorist emphasizes similarities a high level of social solidarity will create coherence (not alienation) individual differences are minimized members of society are much alike in their devotion to the common weal solidarity through similarity ignores the implications of class cleavages an effort to construct a model of society essentially antithetical to that of Marx concern with “solidarity” related to fears of social and political conflicts homogeneity (what sustains people is what they have in common) => mechanical solidarity (collective consciousness and a sense of commonality) => social order thus, social order is dictated by homogeneity or consensus
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Unformatted text preview: industrial society & organic solidarity (interdependence) develops out of differences a product of the division of labor heterogeneity (division of labor) => organic solidarity (interdependence, not alienation) => social order a division of labor will lead to the exchange of services create reciprocity of obligations clarifies interdependence defines social relationship s requires high levels of coordination anomie a period of relative normlessness where individual desires are no longer regulated by common norms and where, as a consequence, individuals are left w/o moral guidance a bump in the system after introducing change alienation is caused by a disassociation/disconnect with org and rules...
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