Outline of Making A New Deal - Making a New Deal...

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Making a New Deal Introduction FDR’s “New Democratic Coalition” (1930s) workers began voting Democratic more consistently promoted a notion of government that protected the well-being of ordinary Americans hopes to ensure a more activist federal government committed to providing the benefits of a “welfare state” Why did previous attempts to organize fail? fragmentation of workers geographic, skill, ethnic, and racial lines repression by employers and the government weak national union structures within the craft-oriented American Federation of Labor Knights of Labor (1886) included skilled and unskilled notion of the eight-hour day Haymarket Square bomb explosions at a mass meeting involving McCormick workers unleashed an enormous wave of employer repression and employee fear unionization was effectively destroyed Changes welfare capitalism to welfare state a determination to resist the organization of its industrial work force to tolerating it diverse social worlds circumscribed by race, ethnicity, class, and geography to more homogeneous cultural experiences brought about the triumph of mass culture, mass consumption, mass unionization, and mass politics Ch. 1 – Living and Working in Chicago in 1919 Each community isolated workers geographically and culturally from other workers in the city the centrality of ethnicity to workers’ sense of community and the way workers were divided among themselves the vast majority would not speak English or understand one another bosses encouraged fragmentation ethnic identification intensified as homeland nationalism seized people opportunities for inter ethnic contact decreased with prohibition unions reinforced division by separating workers according to skill, nationality, and race no easy communication between ethnic groups Why did attempts to organize by craft unions fail? reluctance of craft unions to commit funds and organizers disregarded cross-ethnic and cross-racial relationships workers’ inexperience with national movements geographic isolation ethnic and racial hatred distrust of foreigners as co-workers and as partners
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Summary : Classwide strategies – the unionization of Chicago’s major mass production industries and the staging of independent party politics – failed in Chicago during the era of 1919. Why failure? obstacles were too formidable employers were repressive government sided with employers: granted injunctions against picketing, refusing permits for union marches, threatening alien strikers with deportation, breaking up demonstrations with police force workers were divided and incapable of unifying across racial, ethnic, and territorial boundaries workers were politicized within respective isolated worlds Ch. 2 – Ethnicity in the New Era Summary : As Chicago’s industrial workers made their way through the rugged terrain of urban life,
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Outline of Making A New Deal - Making a New Deal...

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