Chapter 1 - Thinking Geographically IDs

Chapter 1 - Thinking Geographically IDs - Sean O'Brien APHG...

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Sean O’Brien APHG Period 0 09/02/09 Chapter 1: Thinking Geographically – Identifications Agricultural density (p. 33) – The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture. Arithmetic density (p. 33) – The total number of people divided by the total land area. Base line (p. 10) – An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States. Cartography (p. 6) – The science of making maps. Concentration (p. 33) – The spread of something over a given space. Connections (p. 5) – Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space. Contagious diffusion (p. 38) – The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature of trend throughout a population. Cultural ecology (p. 25) – Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships. Cultural landscape (p. 20) –Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. Culture (p. 23) – The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition. Density (p. 33) – The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area. Diffusion (p. 37) – The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time. Distance decay (p. 37) – The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin. Distribution (p. 33) – The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface. Environmental determinism (p. 25) – A nineteenth- and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities. Expansion diffusion (p. 37)
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Chapter 1 - Thinking Geographically IDs - Sean O'Brien APHG...

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