Transport Geography Glossary
Compiled by Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra
University. Many of the glossary terms are adapted from:
Bureau of Transportation Statistics,
European Conference of Ministers of Transport, Economic Commission for Europe,
Glossary for Combined Transport
Intermodal Association of North America,
Intermodal Transportation Glossary
Mineta Transportation Institute,
. The capacity to enter and exit a transport system. It is an absolute term
implying that a location has access or does not.
. The measure of the capacity of a location to be reached by, or to reach
different locations. The capacity and the structure of transport infrastructure are
key elements in the determination of accessibility.
. A defined area on land or water (including any buildings, installations,
and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival,
departure, and movement of aircraft. Aerodromes may include airports, heliports,
and other landing areas.
: A tanker of standard size between 75,000 and 115,000 dwt. The largest
tanker size in the AFRA (Average Freight Rate Assessment) tanker rate system.
. (see economies of agglomeration).
. Total volume of freight, mail and express traffic transported by air.
Includes the following: Freight and Express-commodities of all kinds, includes small
package counter services, express services and priority reserved freight.
. Commercial system of air transportation, consisting of domestic and
international scheduled and charter service.
. The segment of the atmosphere that is under the jurisdiction of a nation or
under an international agreement for its use. They include two major components,
one being land-based (takeoffs and landings) and the other air-based, mainly
composed of air corridors. These corridors can superimpose themselves to altitudes
up to 22,500 meters. The geography of air transport is limited to the use of
. Includes establishments that provide domestic and international
passenger and freight services, and establishments that operate airports and
provide terminal facilities.
. 1) An area of land or water that is used or intended to be used for the
landing and takeoff of aircraft, and includes its buildings and facilities, if any; 2)
Facility used primarily by conventional, fixed-wing aircraft; 3) A facility, either on
land or water, where aircraft can take off and land. Usually consists of hard-
surfaced landing strips, a control tower, hangars and accommodations for
passengers and cargo; 4) A landing area regularly used by aircraft for receiving
discharging passengers or cargo.