Transport Geography Glossary

Transport Geography Glossary - Transport Geography Glossary...

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Transport Geography Glossary Compiled by Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. Many of the glossary terms are adapted from: square4 Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transportation Expressions . square4 European Conference of Ministers of Transport, Economic Commission for Europe, Glossary for Combined Transport . square4 Intermodal Association of North America, Intermodal Transportation Glossary . square4 Mineta Transportation Institute, Transportation Glossary . A square4 Access . The capacity to enter and exit a transport system. It is an absolute term implying that a location has access or does not. square4 Accessibility . The measure of the capacity of a location to be reached by, or to reach different locations. The capacity and the structure of transport infrastructure are key elements in the determination of accessibility. square4 Aerodrome . A defined area on land or water (including any buildings, installations, and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival, departure, and movement of aircraft. Aerodromes may include airports, heliports, and other landing areas. square4 Aframax : A tanker of standard size between 75,000 and 115,000 dwt. The largest tanker size in the AFRA (Average Freight Rate Assessment) tanker rate system. square4 Agglomeration Economies . (see economies of agglomeration). square4 Air Cargo . Total volume of freight, mail and express traffic transported by air. Includes the following: Freight and Express-commodities of all kinds, includes small package counter services, express services and priority reserved freight. square4 Air Carrier . Commercial system of air transportation, consisting of domestic and international scheduled and charter service. square4 Air Space . The segment of the atmosphere that is under the jurisdiction of a nation or under an international agreement for its use. They include two major components, one being land-based (takeoffs and landings) and the other air-based, mainly composed of air corridors. These corridors can superimpose themselves to altitudes up to 22,500 meters. The geography of air transport is limited to the use of predetermined corridors. square4 Air Transportation . Includes establishments that provide domestic and international passenger and freight services, and establishments that operate airports and provide terminal facilities. square4 Airport . 1) An area of land or water that is used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, and includes its buildings and facilities, if any; 2) Facility used primarily by conventional, fixed-wing aircraft; 3) A facility, either on land or water, where aircraft can take off and land. Usually consists of hard- surfaced landing strips, a control tower, hangars and accommodations for passengers and cargo; 4) A landing area regularly used by aircraft for receiving discharging passengers or cargo.
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