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plsi exam 2 study guide (2)

plsi exam 2 study guide (2) - Exam 2 Study Guide Standing...

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Exam 2  Study Guide Standing to Sue:  The requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a  case, which depends on whether they have sustained or are likely to sustain a  direct and substantial injury from a party or an action of government. Class action suits:  Lawsuits permitting a small number of people to sue on  behalf of all other similarly situated people. Amicus curiae briefs:  Legal briefs submitted by a “friend of the court” for the  purpose of raising additional points of view and presenting information not  contained in the briefs of the formal parties. These briefs attempt to influence  a court’s decision. Original Jurisdiction:  The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually  in   a   trial.   These   are   the   courts   that   determine   the   facts   about   a   case.  Compare appellate jurisdiction. Appellate jurisdiction:  The jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to  them on appeal from lower courts. These courts do not review the factual  record, only the legal issues involved. Compare original jurisdiction. Senatorial courtesy:   An unwritten tradition whereby nominations for state- level federal judicial posts are not confirmed if they are opposed by the  senator from the state in which the nominee will serve. The tradition also  applies to courts of appeal when there is opposition from the nominee’s state  senator, if the senator belongs to the president’s party.  Solicitor general:  A presidential appointee and the third-ranking office in the  Department of Justice. The solicitor general is in charge of the appellate court  litigation of the federal government.
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Writ of Certiorari:     Stare decisis:  A Latin phrase meaning “let the decision stand.” Most cases  reaching appellate courts are settled on this principle. Precedents:  How a similar court case has been decided in the past Original Intent:  A view that the Constitution should be interpreted according  to the original intent of the framers. Many conservatives support this view.  Judicial Implementation:   How and whether court decisions are translated  into actual policy, affecting the behavior of others. The courts rely on other  units of government to enforce their decisions. Judicial Activism:   A judicial philosophy in which judges make bold policy  decisions,   even   charting   new   constitutional   ground.   Advocates   of   this  approach emphasize that the courts can correct pressing needs, especially  those unmet by the majoritarian political process. Judicial   Restraint:
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plsi exam 2 study guide (2) - Exam 2 Study Guide Standing...

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