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Psychoeducational Groups: Process and PracticeNina BrownChapter 1: Psychoeducational GroupsMajor TopicsAdvantages and disadvantages of psychoeducational groupsPsychoeducational groups defined, described, and categorizedMyths and misunderstandings about psychoeducational groupsThe KASST psychoeducational group leadership development modelIntroductionPsychoeducational groups offer an opportunity for group members to become informed about a particular concern, issue, or problem; to grow in self understanding and in interpersonal relationships; and to become more effective in understanding and solving problems that affect them. DSM conditions: eating disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, social phobia, and depressionAbuse and trauma conditions: sexual abuse, military trauma, and domestic violenceExamples for audiences: children, military, older adults, inpatient, international, and adolescentsPsychoeducational groups for medical: cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, heart/stroke, diabetes, multiple sclerosisAdvantagesSafe environment: where uncomfortable and distressing feelings can be expressed openlyDissemination of information: the value of accurate and relevant information should not be underestimated. It can be helpful to bring in outside experts and/or have consultants that do that the knowledge and expertiseReduction of feelings of isolation and/or alienation: promote feelings of connectednessAlleviation of blame and/or stigma: Correcting misinformation: Coping strategies: better manage the condition or other states, increase the quality of members lives and to feel less victimized because of the empowering nature of copingDifficult topics can be openly discussed: DisadvantagesTime constraints: don’t permit exploration of many relevant and important topics, not can additional problems, issues, or concerns that emerge during group sessions be exploredDetermining the root cause: that cannot be easily discoveredLeader lack specific information: Connections and cohesions may not have time to develop:The lack of screening for many groups:Myths and Misunderstandings
1.Groups should be formed around a common problem, concern, and or issue. 2.There is a right and a wrong way to facilitate groups.3.The group leader directs the group in what to do and what to discuss, and this is how the group’sagenda is formed4.Only therapy and counseling groups are real groups.5.Specific and effective interventions can be taught and learned.6.Knowing what to do and say at all times are the group leaders responsibilities.7.Group leaders should be so confident that they do not experience anxiety, uncertainty, or confusion. Group Leaders ExpertiseKASST: Knowledge, Art, Science, Skills, Technique: intended to guide the learning for safe and effective facilitation of psychoeducational groupsVariety of Psychoeducational GroupsEducation Psychoeducational GroupsEducation refers to learning new material via the cognitive mode, through lecture, discussion, and observation/participation.