AEM_3350_lecture_12_sp__09_Protection_of_plant_varieties

AEM_3350_lecture_12_sp__09_Protection_of_plant_varieties -...

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Protection of Plant Varieties and Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2000 Farmers’ Rights Act, 2000 Combines PBR and Farmers’ Rights Aspects Mandated by India’s commitments under WTO/TRIPs Article 27.3(b) - patents, ‘effective sui generis’ or both for plant varieties
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Indian Act Protection of farmers’ varieties (land races  and wild varieties) (14, 15.2) Conservers of genetic resources entitled to  reward if material used as donor genes  (39.1(iii), 26.2, 18.1(e)) Farmers permitted to “save, use, exchange,  share, sell” unlabeled seed (39.1(iv)
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Indian Act Cont . Farmers to be compensated if varieties do  not perform (39.2) Communities may claim benefit for  contribution to preservation (41.1-.3) GR Authority to determine compensation to  be paid (41.3) Compulsory license (47)
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Farmers’ Rights FAO 1989 (Resolution 5/89): ‘rights arising from the past, present and 
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Unformatted text preview: future contribution of farmers in conserving, improving, and making available plant genetic resources Functionality as FR Legislation Protects traditional knowledge Specific rights and benefit sharing Can exchange/sell protected materials Functionality as PBR Law Based on TRIPs 27.3(b) effective sui generis system (under patents) Personal interpretation Perverse Incentives? tax on innovation avoid using local GR royalties are like tax on farmers and consumers increase pressure for patents on plants ISSUES TO CONSIDER ISSUES TO CONSIDER fee rates fee rates how local communities are designated how local communities are designated what is farmers variety protection what is farmers variety protection how to respond to WTO acceptability how to respond to WTO acceptability...
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2009 for the course AEM 3350 taught by Professor Lesser,w. during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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AEM_3350_lecture_12_sp__09_Protection_of_plant_varieties -...

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