AEM_3350_sp_09_lecture_17_Harmonization

AEM_3350_sp_09_lecture_17_Harmonization - biological...

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International Harmonization Patents national For protection must have grant in  every country Costly, complex when protection  differs
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Harmonization Efforts 1890 Paris Convention Non-discrimination Allowable conditions for compulsory  licenses Priority
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Patent Cooperation Treaty Single application for multiple  grants Stage I – International search Stage II – Preliminary examination
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European Patent Office European Patent Convention (1973) Apply EPO or national route Grant ‘bundled’ national patents
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Exclusions 53(a) contrary to “ordre public” or morality 53(b) plant or animal varieties or essentially 
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Unformatted text preview: biological processes for the production of plants or animals (except microorganisms) Trade Related Aspects of IPR WTO Annex 1994 Establishes minimum national standards for patents: Subject matter Compulsory licenses (Paris Convention) Enforcement Trade secrets Allowable Exclusions 27.3(b) Plants and animals other than micro-organisms, and essentially biological processes for the production of plants or animals Must provide: (a) patents (b) effective sui genesis system, or (c) both...
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AEM_3350_sp_09_lecture_17_Harmonization - biological...

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