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0) Criminal_Procedure_Gants_2006

0) Criminal_Procedure_Gants_2006 - Advanced Crim Pro Gants...

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Advanced Crim. Pro. Gants - Fall 2006 INTRODUCTION AND 14A DP ................................................................................................................................. 4 DUE PROCESS OF LAW ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Palko v. CT (1937) p34 ......................................................................................................................................... 4 Adamson v. CA (1947) p36 ................................................................................................................................... 4 Duncan v. LA (1968) p44 ...................................................................................................................................... 4 ARREST, SEARCH & SEIZURE ............................................................................................................................... 5 E XCLUSIONARY R ULE ( ER ) ............................................................................................................................................... 5 Weeks v. US (1914) ............................................................................................................................................... 5 Wolf v. CO (1949) p55 .......................................................................................................................................... 5 Mapp v. OH (1961) p57 ........................................................................................................................................ 6 US v. Leon (1984) p63 .......................................................................................................................................... 6 Leon exceptions and MA ....................................................................................................................................... 6 PA Bd. of Probation and Parole v. Scott (1988) p73 ............................................................................................ 7 ER hypothetical – legislation to repeal ER ........................................................................................................... 7 ER hypothetical – legislation to provide a civil remedy ....................................................................................... 7 Protected 4A areas and interests .......................................................................................................................... 8 PROTECTED AREAS AND INTERESTS ..................................................................................................................................... 8 Katz v. US (1967) p81 ........................................................................................................................................... 8 US v. White (1971) p102 ....................................................................................................................................... 9 CA v. Greenwood (1988) p86 ................................................................................................................................ 9 US v. Karo (1984) p93 .......................................................................................................................................... 9 Florida v. Riley (1989) p89 ................................................................................................................................. 10 Kyllo v. US (JUNE 2001) p97 ............................................................................................................................. 10 Summary of protected areas and interests .......................................................................................................... 11 PROBABLE CAUSE .......................................................................................................................................................... 12 Probable Cause ................................................................................................................................................... 12 Spinelli v. US (1969) p110 .................................................................................................................................. 12 Aguilar v. TX (1964) p110 .................................................................................................................................. 12 Maryland v. Pringle (2003) p127 ........................................................................................................................ 13 IL v. Gates (1983) p113 ...................................................................................................................................... 13 Defense to get past an informant’s privilege ...................................................................................................... 13 SEARCH WARRANTS ........................................................................................................................................................ 14 MD v. Garrison (1987) p130 .............................................................................................................................. 14 KNOCK AND ANNOUNCE .................................................................................................................................................. 14 Background ......................................................................................................................................................... 14 Wilson v. AK (1995) [within Hudson] ................................................................................................................. 15 Richards v. WI (1997) p136 ................................................................................................................................ 15 Hudson v. MI (2006) [Westlaw] .......................................................................................................................... 15 Where does this leave us? .................................................................................................................................. 16 WARRANTLESS ARRESTS THE ROAD TO WHREN ................................................................................................................. 16 US v. Watson (1976) p140 .................................................................................................................................. 16 US v. Robinson (1973) p 145 .............................................................................................................................. 17 Whren v. US (1996) p152 .................................................................................................................................... 17 Road blocks ........................................................................................................................................................ 18 Atwater v. City of Lago Vista (2001) p157 ......................................................................................................... 18 TN v. Garner (1985) p163 ................................................................................................................................... 19 WARRANTLESS SEARCH & SEIZURE OF PREMISES ................................................................................................................. 19 Payton v. NY (1980) p169 ................................................................................................................................... 19 Steagald v. US (1981) p172, fnb ......................................................................................................................... 19 Chimel v. CA (1969) p174 ................................................................................................................................... 19 Warrantless home entry ...................................................................................................................................... 20 Vale v. LA (1970) p179 ....................................................................................................................................... 20 Principle vs. Rule, versus Principled Rule .......................................................................................................... 21 1
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Advanced Crim. Pro. Gants - Fall 2006 Segura v. US (1984) p181 fna ............................................................................................................................. 21 Brigham City (supp) ............................................................................................................................................ 21 WARRANTLESS SEARCH & SEIZURE OF VEHICLES & EFFECTS ................................................................................................. 21 Carroll v. US (1925) p183 .................................................................................................................................. 21 CA v. Carney (1985) p183 .................................................................................................................................. 22 US v. Chadwick (1977) p195 [in Acevedo] ......................................................................................................... 22 AR v. Sanders (1979) p195 in Acevedo ............................................................................................................... 22 US v. Ross (1982) p195 [in Acevedo] ................................................................................................................. 22 CA v. Acevedo (1991) p194 ................................................................................................................................. 22 WY v. Houghton (1999) p203 .............................................................................................................................. 23 Laptop hypothetical ............................................................................................................................................. 23 CO v. Bertine (1987) p210 .................................................................................................................................. 24 NY v. Belton (1981) p187 .................................................................................................................................... 24 Thornton v. US (2004) p187 ................................................................................................................................ 24 STOP AND FRISK ............................................................................................................................................................ 25 Five differing levels of intrusion ......................................................................................................................... 25 Terry v. OH (1968) p214 ..................................................................................................................................... 25 RAS ..................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Court options ....................................................................................................................................................... 25 AL v. White (1999) p224 ..................................................................................................................................... 26 FL vs. J.L. (2000) p223 ....................................................................................................................................... 26 IL v. Wardlow (2000) p226 ................................................................................................................................. 26 FL v. Royer (1983) p228 ..................................................................................................................................... 26 FL v. Bostick (1991) p236 ................................................................................................................................... 27 US v. Drayton (2002) p235 ................................................................................................................................. 27 CA v. Hodari (1991) p237 fna ............................................................................................................................. 27 US v. Place (1993) p241 ..................................................................................................................................... 27 MI v. Long (1983) p221 fnb ................................................................................................................................ 28 Stop and frisk hypothetical .................................................................................................................................. 28 Sources ................................................................................................................................................................ 28 LESSER INTRUSIONS INSPECTIONS AND REGULATORY SEARCHES ........................................................................................... 28 City of Indianapolis v. Edmond (2000) [Westlaw] ............................................................................................. 29 Board of Education v. Earls (2002) p246 ........................................................................................................... 30 CONSENT SEARCHES ....................................................................................................................................................... 30 Consent questions ................................................................................................................................................ 30 Schneckloth v. Bustamonte (1973) p257 ............................................................................................................. 31 What is voluntary consent? ................................................................................................................................. 31 IL v. Rodriguez (1990) p263 ............................................................................................................................... 31 GA v. Randolph (2006) [Westlaw] ...................................................................................................................... 32 RIGHT TO COUNSEL .............................................................................................................................................. 32 INDIGENCY A ND THE ADVERSARY SYSTEM ................................................................................................................. 32 Role of counsel .................................................................................................................................................... 32 Betts v. Brady (1942) p290 .................................................................................................................................. 32 Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) p293 ..................................................................................................................... 33 AL v. Shelton (2002) p295 ................................................................................................................................... 33 CWOF ................................................................................................................................................................. 33 Griffin v. IL (1956) p301 ..................................................................................................................................... 33 Douglas v. CA (1963) p302 ................................................................................................................................. 34 Ross v. Moffitt (1974) p306 ................................................................................................................................. 34 POLICE INTERROGATION AND CONFESSIONS ............................................................................................. 34 DUE PROCESS VOLUNTARINESS TEST .................................................................................................................................. 34 Voluntariness in MA ............................................................................................................................................ 34 Confessions ......................................................................................................................................................... 34 2
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Advanced Crim. Pro. Gants - Fall 2006 Elements to be considered in admitting admissions ........................................................................................... 34 Harmless error doctrine ...................................................................................................................................... 35 Ashcraft v. TN (1944) p314 ................................................................................................................................. 35 Watts v. IN (1949) p320 ...................................................................................................................................... 35 Spano v. NY (1959) p327 .................................................................................................................................... 35 Massiah v. US (1964) p326 ................................................................................................................................. 35 Escobedo v. IL (1964) p330 ................................................................................................................................ 36 Escobedo vs. Massiah ......................................................................................................................................... 36 MIRANDA ..................................................................................................................................................................... 37 Miranda v. AZ (1966) p336 ................................................................................................................................. 37 APPLYING AND EXPLAINING MIRANDA ................................................................................................................................ 38 OR v. Mathiason (1977) p360 ............................................................................................................................. 38 Berkemer v. McCarty (1984) p364 ...................................................................................................................... 38 Yarborough v. Alvarado (2004) p363
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