Gender - Factors Affecting Gender Roles Kinship Patrilineal...

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    Gender
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    Sex vs. Gender Sex – biological sex based on appearance of  external genitalia assigned at birth Sexual dimorphism – biological and behavioral  differences between males and females Pelvis Gender role: task and behavior assigned by a  culture to each sex Gender: the sociocultural construction of  masculine and feminine roles and the qualities  assigned to those roles (190)
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    Third Genders Zuni  Berdache    Gender role for individuals who are not men and not women Boys who are interested in behaviors traditionally associated  with girls   Indian  Hijra   Born as males and undergo voluntary ritual surgeries of  emasculation They dress, behave and take occupations of women Religious community One of their societal roles is to bless a new born male child
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Unformatted text preview: Factors Affecting Gender Roles Kinship Patrilineal descent and patrilocal residence patterns – men have high status Economic resources Ex. patrilineal descent with no male heirs, woman takes the role of a man, female husband – gains legal right to transmit property Ernestine Friedl: control over scarce resources – determined by gender roles – is related to power and status Ideology: value systems founded in belief systems Sexuality Sexuality refers to erotic desires, sexual practices and orientation Our attitudes on sexuality are based on our cultural values Learn what is sexually stimulating No universal standards of sexual attractiveness Sexual Prohibitions...
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2009 for the course ANTH 1000 taught by Professor Sabem during the Spring '08 term at UConn.

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Gender - Factors Affecting Gender Roles Kinship Patrilineal...

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