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ForensicDNA_Intro

ForensicDNA_Intro - Forensic DNA Overview Forensic Science...

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Forensic DNA Overview Carll Ladd Supervisor, DNA Unit [email protected] Forensic Science: the application of natural sciences to matters of the law. Criminalistics: The recognition, identification, individualization, and evaluation of physical evidence using the methods of the natural sciences in matters of legal significance. Locard’s Principle of Exchange Anytime there is contact between two surfaces, there will be a mutual exchange of matter across the contact boundary Forensic Science Lab Services Criminalistics* Forensic Biology Serology DNA Trace Analysis Chemistry Instrumentation Identification* g131 Latent Print Section g131 Questioned Documents g131 Imprints g131 Firearms g131 Toolmarks g131 Forensic Photography *Crime Scene Reconstruction Forensic DNA Testing is like CSI! Just ing Nothing
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Homicide by Starvation J Forensic Sci. 2004. 49:1073-1076. Victim- 3 years old, 5kg at time of death. National Forensic Debate: Public Safety vs. Individual Rights 1. Role of the Forensic Scientist. 2. Oversight of Forensic casework. 3. Balancing Civil Liberties & Public Safety. Why Balancing Can be Difficult? Emotional Impact of Crime People of the state of California vs. Bokin, May 6, 1999 "Another issue of concern is the degree of bias (the criminalist) manifests in this area. Early in the discovery process, (the criminalist) submitted a lengthy declaration challenging the defense motion. It was beyond advocacy--it indicated a critical attitude toward the defense function in a criminal case. The Court's concern over bias is rooted in the notion that a government criminalist is part of the prosecution team." Forensics: Pattern Comparisons
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Uses for DNA Analysis g153
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