notes 10 - Sinuhe story about a good king, how a king...

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EGYPT : First Intermediate Period : 2181-2040 BC Powerful family in Herkleopolis, south of Memphis This family holds South, provides stability, promotes Egyptian literature New family in Thebes as competitors, 2150 BC Second Millennium Includes : Middle Kingdom, 2040-1780 B.C. Second Intermediate Period, 1750-1550 B.C. New Kingdom, 1550-1100 B.C. Middle Kingdom : Theban family in control Significant kings: Mentuhotep II, Amenemhet I Elevation of god Amon – local Theban god Administrative capital – It-tawy Religious capital – Thebes Irrigation projects in Faiyum Period of commercial and culture imperialism + expansion – trade routes, Territorial expansion Middle Kingdom Changes in Religious and social attitudes : Decline in emphasis on material wealth Shift towards social action “Dawn of social consciousness” Emphasis on Ma’at – harmony, correct living Democratization of next world – idea that everyone had a chance at a happy afterlife
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Unformatted text preview: Sinuhe story about a good king, how a king should act, helping his people, shepherd of his people, Collapse of the Middle Kingdom : External threats Hyksos move into Egypt Second Intermediate Period : By 1730 Hyksos in power Subject to foreigners for the first time A barbaric domination New elements of war horse + chariot, new types of swords and daggers, Scribes copied Egyptian literature, Worshipped Egyptian gods, didnt close and in fact restored some Egyptian temples, didnt impose their gods over Egyptians, Introduced the lyre Used Egyptian hieroglyphics Hyksos where likely semitic peoples who migrated out of southern palestine Yet, dynasties still competing Thebes still holding some power Theban dynasty expels Hyksos @ 1550 BC...
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