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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 11: Rise of Rome 1. The Roman Republic If alexander had lived to middle age, he would have conquered 1. city-states of Magna Graecia (Great Greece) Greek poleis of Sicily & S. Italy Products of the age of Greek colonization in 7 th & 8 th Centuries 2. Carthage Originally was Phoenician commercial colony (founded c. 814 bc) Located on North African coast (modern NE Tunisia), south of Sicily 3. rapidly expanding republic of Rome 2. Early Rome Slow in comparison to Persia and Macedon (rise of) but more lasting Military virtue stubborn endurance Greatest contributions were in the realms of law, government, and imperial organization Rome ethnically mixed community (city-states) North of Rome Etruria, Etruscans helped to shape the religion & culture of early Rome Etruscan civilization flourished in central Italy btw 8 th & 5 th centuries BC-no literature-language Greek abcs -had well-designed drainage systems-had adundance of metals w/in their hills (tin, copper, iron, gold & bronze) Romans adopted Etruscans ABCs (Greek) o Ruled by Etruscan Kings 3. Emergence of the Roman Republic...
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- Fall '08
- Julius Caesar, Julius Caesar