notes 19 - • Jerusalem becomes capital • Solomon,...

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2 nd Millennium, post Exodus : Now the Hebrews are the Israelites By 11 th century BC, loose coalition of tribes calling themselves the 12 tribes of Jacob Governed by elders, by charismatic rulers Pressed by other peoples, especially the Philistines (maybe the Sea Peoples?) 1 st Millennium : Battle at Aphek vs Philistines, 1050 BC (loss of Ark of the Covenant) Need for stronger ruler, hence monarchy Saul, first king, “transitional figure”, doesn’t really unify people, just keeps the Philistines at bay David, 2nd king, first REAL king, soldier, poet, king, from tribe of Judah, unites tribes from north and south into one nation, defeat the Philistines, get back the Ark of the Covenant, diplomat
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Unformatted text preview: • Jerusalem becomes capital • Solomon, David’s son, king (961 – 922 BC), movement + political marriage – economic reasons, building projects – Temple of Solomon Solomon : • Long reign • Social stratification – rich and poor • Prosperity through alliances with neighbors • Building projects – Temple at Jerusalem • Forced labor + taxes – for building projects Solomon’s Temple : • Built first by Solomon • Destroyed by the Babylonians • Rebuilt many times, including by Herod • Destroyed finally by the Romans, 70 AD • Spoils from the temple...
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2009 for the course HIST 1024 taught by Professor Becker during the Fall '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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