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notes 15 - Hanging Gardens • Created by Nebuchanezzar •...

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Babylon and Babylonians : Chaldean leaders God Marduk Became independent after fall of Assyrian empire King Nebuchadnezzar (604-562 BC) – interested in gaining the Assyrian Empire, pushed territory towards Egypt Made Babylon a beautiful city, great gates, ziggurats, art, (Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) Jerusalem – Nebuchadnezzar – passes thru on way to Egypt, 587 BC – city was burned, population of city was deported and taken back to Babylon – “Babylonian Captivity” – Jewish history,
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Unformatted text preview: Hanging Gardens : • Created by Nebuchanezzar • Famous for its architecture • Considered one of the significant sites in the old city of Babylon, along with the ziggurat to Marduk Ziggurat to Marduk – possibly the “Tower of Babel” Ishtar Gate : • Ca. 600 BC • Most famous of the many gates of Babylon • Part of the inner city wall • Ornamented with glazed bricks depicting bulls and dragons • Gate is now in the Pergamon museum in Berlin Babylon – fall of empire due to struggle between king and powerful priests...
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