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notes 13 - • Major cities – Tyre and Sidon • Land...

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Ostraka : Thousands of ostraka have been found They include letters, notes, records, and evidence of daily life in the town, (esp litigation – over property and payment) Most are written in hieratic (shorthand hieroglyphics) Individual Tombs of Workers : Tomb of wealthy scribe Private tomb in Deir el-Medina Houses simple, but some chose to have more elaborate tombs Dead buried outside of the city – uses around the road leading out of the city Most tombs were looted Tomb of Sennedjem : Discovered intact, 1886 “servant of Deir el-Medina” Conventional funerary Worked during the reign of Ramses II Fresh, lively art – frescos, spontaneous almost Depicts Sennedjem and wife, and daily life 20 mummies found in tomb – his family Phoenicians : Old cities of Canaan – area around Lebanon and Israel, on coast Not a nation, just a people
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Unformatted text preview: • Major cities – Tyre and Sidon • Land extended from S. Syria to S. Lebanon, or Tarsus to Giza • Never formed a single nation • Known for: trading routes, mastery of sea, Carthage (founded approx. 1800 BC), (Traded in: silk, metalwork, jewelry, glass), red/purple dye, (alphabet – phonetic alphabet, where our alphabet comes from) • Prosperous people – from all the trading, Aramaeans : • Semi-nomadic people, from northest of Syrian desert, settled on fringes of that desert • Become prominent because of proximity to other important groups – language is adopted by many people – a common language • Language becomes common language of Ancient Near East • Used the Phoenician alphabet • No empires, no great kings, no conquering • Famous for what they pass on rather than what they impose...
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