notes 12 - o Ramose the scribe – powerful because could...

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New Kingdom: End 19 th and 20 th dynasties Egypt in decline Decline of pharaonic power Succession of problems; kings ruled only short time Significant kings: Ramses II (battle of Kadesh vs. Hittites, 1296 / 1274 BC); Merneptah; Ramses III – they both battle Sea Peoples By 1085 BC, Egypt withdraws to the Nile, no longer an empire Deir el-Medina : Founded by Amenhotep I, 18 th dynasty, during New Kingdom, ca. 1525 BC Tutmosis I (ca 1500 BC) builds first wall Located near Valley of the Kings, west of Thebes, across Nile, People inhabiting city were picked by pharaoh for their skills – worked in the Valley of the Kings Closed community, walled and isolated Close to the Valley of the Kings, but far enough away to hide the secrets of the tombs – how to get in and out In use for over 500 years, until ca. 1080 BC One of Egypt’s archeological gems About 100 inhabitants (households) plus children Names of many known including: o Kha the architect
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Unformatted text preview: o Ramose the scribe – powerful because could interpret writing to say anything he wanted o Kenherkopershef the historian • About 100+ homes, inside and outside walls • House plain, of mudbrick – left the fancy stuff for their professional jobs – Valley of the Kings • Single story Tomb Workers : • Workers tunnels and decorated tombs • “hereditary tomb-builders” • Specialized jobs: painters, plasterers, sculptors, foremen, scribes Villagers : • Workers for the tomb builders • “workers for the workmen” • Gardeners, fishermen, potters, handymen • Devout, religious, educated • Town often run by women – politics, policing, schooling, • Paid in kind – food, grain, fish, vegetables, Evidence : • Ostraca – pottery shards, wrote on pots • Tombs of villagers • Tombs of kings • Surviving literature, including Tale of Sinuhe • Temples and alters • Decoration of housing...
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