CH_14 - CH 14 Multiple Choice 2. In eukaryotic cells,...

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CH 14 Multiple Choice 2. In eukaryotic cells, transcription and translation a. are separated: Translation occurs in the nucleus, and transcription occurs in the cytoplasm. b. occur together in the cytosol. c. occur together in the nucleus. d. are separated: Translation occurs in the cytoplasm, and transcription occurs in the nucleus. e. are separated, except for proteins that bind to the DNA and ribosomes, which are translated in the nucleus. Answer: d 4. If it were stretched out, the DNA from a human cell would be _______ in length. a. 2 mm b. 2 m c. 2 km d. 2 µm e. None of the above Answer: b 5. Human cells have approximately _______ times the DNA found in prokaryotic cells. a. 10 b. 100 c. 1,000 d. 10,000 e. 100,000 Answer: c 7. The phrase “beads on a string” describes the structural appearance of a. condensed chromosomes. b. lampbrush chromosomes. c. nucleosomes. d. the solenoid structure of DNA. e. the 30 nm DNA fibers. Answer: c 8. Cancer cells are often found to have abnormally high amounts of a. nucleosomes. b. spliceosomes. c. centromeres. d. topoisomerase. e. telomerase. Answer: e
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9. Telomerase is important to eukaryotic cells because a. telomeres tend to get shortened with each cell division. b. telomeres tend to get longer with each cell division. c. telomerase digests telomeres to proper length. d. the leading strand of DNA causes the telomeres to shorten. e. it aids in making artificial chromosomes. Answer: a
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course BIO 10087 taught by Professor Mossman during the Spring '09 term at ASU.

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CH_14 - CH 14 Multiple Choice 2. In eukaryotic cells,...

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