Lecture 1.pptx - Read well \u2022 \u201cTo read well that is to read true books in a true spirit is a noble exercise and one that will task the reader more

Lecture 1.pptx - Read well • “To read well that is to...

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Read well! “To read well, that is, to read true books in a true spirit, is a noble exercise, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent, the steady intention almost of the whole life to this object. Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written.” (Page 6, line 68)
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Read difficult things! “Most men have learned to read to serve a paltry convenience, as they have learned to cipher in order to keep accounts and not be cheated in trade; but of reading as a noble intellectual exercise they know little or nothing; yet this only is reading, in a high sense, not that which lulls us as a luxury and suffers the nobler faculties to sleep the while, but what we have to stand on tiptoe to read and devote our most alert and wakeful hours to.” (Page 7, Line 100)
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Read More! “Most men are satisfied if they read or hear read, and perchance have been convicted by the wisdom of one good book, the Bible, and for the rest of their lives vegetate and dissipate their faculties in what is called easy reading.” (Page 8, Line 5)
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Reading to ‘keep up’ or improve Some people can read on a basic level not to get cheated. Some people read to learn more and expand knowledge What motivates people to read?
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Why we go to work Thoreau Personal fulfilment. Don’t work for money and wrong things.
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Thoreau’s economics (the exam reference sheet!) Opportunity cost Disutility of labor "The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation". Working for pay is a form of enslavement. People must not be materialistic. Nature is a better teacher than society to teach people how to live.
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We work for the wrong things But men labour under a mistake. The better part of the man is soon ploughed into the soil for compost (p.63, line 10)
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We don’t appreciate life in pursuit of money “Most men……labours of life that its finer fruits cannot be plucked by them.” (P. 63, line 31)
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Necessities of life Food Shelter Clothing
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Live a simple life Value knowledge and wisdom Chasing money will make you tired Accumulation of things will not provide fulfilment ( p. 66) Only eat 1 meal per day (p. 69, line 74) However, Thoreau claimed to only work 6 weeks per year (p. 68 line 30)
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Why study the humanities? (Sophie Gilbert) Critical thinking Slow, methodical reading Teaches us to be human? Soft skills and hard skills Albert Einstein: “Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts.”
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The skills employers want Soft skills creativity, persuasion Collaboration People management is considered as a hard skill Social skills are highly valued in the US job market
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Why Tech CEOs hire humanities majors Transferrable skills Ability to learn new things Making/creating is a team effort Creativity is highly valued
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Plato and Aristotle’s main ideas (the exam reference sheet!) Division of labor Incentives (motivations) Private property Money Trade.
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