Ivan Petrovich Pavlov - Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936)...

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Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936)       Who was Ivan Pavlov?     The Russian scientist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born  in 1849 in Ryazan, where his father worked as a  village priest. In 1870 Ivan Pavlov abandoned the  religious career for which he had been preparing, and  instead went into science. There he had a great  impact on the field of physiology by studying the  mechanisms underlying the digestive system in  mammals. For his original work in this field of research, Pavlov  was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or  Medicine in 1904. By then he had turned to studying  the laws on the formation of conditioned reflexes, a  topic on which he worked until his death in 1936. His  discoveries in this field paved the way for an objective  science of behavior.         Pavlov's drooling dogs     While Ivan Pavlov worked to unveil the secrets of the  digestive system, he also studied what signals  triggered related phenomena, such as the secretion of  saliva. When a dog encounters food, saliva starts to  pour from the salivary glands located in the back of its  oral cavity. This saliva is needed in order to make the  food easier to swallow. The fluid also contains  enzymes that break down certain compounds in the  food. In humans, for example, saliva contains the  enzyme amylase, an effective processor of starch. Pavlov became interested in studying reflexes when 
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course MAMTA buad taught by Professor Mamta during the Spring '09 term at Indian School of Business.

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Ivan Petrovich Pavlov - Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936)...

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