HIST8 - Summary of The Great War 1914 At the beginning of...

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Summary of “The Great War” 1914: At the beginning of the war in August, Germany activates the Schlieffen Plan . They went through Belgium into northern France. The object was to go through Paris from the north and wrap around the city, then head back towards Germany to face the Russians. In August, Germany is able to push back GB/French troops back near Paris. However, in September, General Joseph Joffre launches a counterattack and to hold off the Germans. This was known as the 1 st Battle of the Marne and the French were able to hold off the Germans. This would end the Schlieffen Plan for the Germans. It was a crucial battle victory for the French and British. A line was dug from the English Channel through France and into Switzerland. The lines were between 3-8 feet deep and were called trenches. Essentially, fighting is this area would be called trench warfare. It was the deadliest place to be during the Great War. These trench lines never moved back or forth for more than 5 miles during the span of 4 years. Over a million people would die in this area of Europe. Between the trenches were open spaces of land known as no man’s land . Anyone who would walk in that area would most likely get gunned down by machine guns. This trench line divided the war from the Western front (GB/France vs. Germany) and the Eastern front (Russia vs. Germany). Towards the end of 1914, Germany would have constant success against Russia since German troops were split to go to both fronts. However, due to the lack of troops on the western front, the Germans were at wars of stalemate against French and British troops. 1915: In 1915, Italy was convinced to break the alliance with Germany and join the war on the British and French side in hopes of ending the wars of stalemate. However, Italy had no impact on the western front.
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HIST8 - Summary of The Great War 1914 At the beginning of...

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