HIST9 - Summary of Russian Revolution Pre-Russian...

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Summary of “Russian Revolution” Pre-Russian Revolution: Nicholas II was czar of Russia. He continued to industrialize Russia. However, he continued getting Russia involved with wars in which everyone knew they could not win, like the Russo- Japanese war and Great War. By the end of 1916, food shortages started occurring all over Russia. In March of 1917, food riots occurred in St. Petersburg. Death reports of the Great War were released, and more riots began to occur. On March 12, 1917, Nicholas II was forced to step down as the last czar of Russia by the Russian army . This was known as the February Revolutionaries. A provisional government was to overlook Russia. The man appointed to the head of the government was Kerensky. He is noted in Russian history as the man who made all the wrong decisions. Provisional Government of Russia Kerensky wanted to stay in the war but fight more efficiently. He also wanted everyone to respect private property and postpone elections until the war was over. These seemed like sensible decisions. However, it was at an insensible time . Germany noted the trouble in Russia and wanted to cause more chaos for them. The Germans wanted to end the war with the Russians so that they could concentrate all their efforts on the western front. Lenin had escaped from prison and seeked shelter in Switzerland. The Germans came up with an idea to find Lenin and force him to go back to Russia so that chaos could occur . So on April 16, 1917, Germany found Lenin and transported him to St. Petersburg. Rise of Lenin Lenin knew that he would only have one chance to persuade people around, and it would be when he arrived at the train station in St. Petersburg. He made a speech known as the April Theses . He persuaded people around him that Russia must be out of the war, no more private property , and that all power goes to the Soviets, which referred to the council made up of soldiers and strikers, people who were truly affected by the Great War . Lenin emphasized that there was no need for elections . This speech was truly a revolutionary idea. Lenin made a smart move in regards to when to seize power of Russia. He said that everyone must be patient and that power will fall into their hands. The Bolsheviks were on the right side of history and it would be
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HIST9 - Summary of Russian Revolution Pre-Russian...

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