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American and French Revolution 10-13-06

American and French Revolution 10-13-06 - History 1003...

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History 1003 10/13/06 American & French Revolutions Seven Year’s War (1756-1763) “French and Indian War” Declaration of Independence (1776) Colonial charters Battle of Saratoga (1778) Battle of Yorktown (1781) Louis XVI Assembly of Notables (1787) Continental Congress (1774) Parlement of Paris Estates General National Assembly Bastile (July 14, 1789) The Great Fear Rights of Man Flight of Verennes Declaration of Pilnitz National Convention Guillotine Committee of Public Safety Reign of Terror Robespierre Cult of Reason 9 th of Thermidor The American Revolution Britain’s Concerns At first look it would appear that Britain had escaped all the political issues that happened to Europe in the 17 th century —it never went through absolutism(enlightened or otherwise) The real power in the 18 th century the House of Commons in Parliament Yet Parliament had the same responsibilities as a absolute king—they had to pay bills, they raised taxes They had to b/c they had fought the Seven Years’ War—in American calls it the French and Indian war
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History 1003 10/13/06 British won the war and became the largest empire—yet at the say time it became completely broke and bankrupt In order to pay off these debts—Parliament realized that if they put it on the English people backs they would have a revolution Under George III—Parliament raised the taxes in the American colonies—causes “No taxes w/o representation” and then a Revolution The French join the revolution on the American side At first they give us guns, weapons, and economic help b/c they don’t know it we will win Then the Americans win a Battle at Saratoga so the French give military aide and troops and a fleet of French navy b/c they decided that we my win With the help of the French the US wins the revolution In 1783 the US, France, and Great Britain signed a treaty in Paris Now the colonies are a free and independent nation America’s Concerns The French Revolution In 1783 it is the biggest nation in Europe and has the largest population—has more exports than any other nation—is the center of enlightenment—center of education and refinement and culture yet its society was still feudal—it still had an absolute king (fairly new and pretty enlightened Louis XVI) the 3 rd estate was no longer what it used to be—they now had rich manufacturers that were educated they also had smart educated lawyers—may people believed that absolutism was no longer needed—general model that the British model was the best and the French needed to copy it Conditions of 1787 How the American Revolution effected the French Revolution People in Europe read about the political ideas and war in American
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History 1003 10/13/06 They have a profound effect on Europeans especially French The Declaration of Independence was a perfect example of the political contract at work
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