Important - The Coming of War: 8 Long-Term Causes of WW1:...

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The Coming of War: 8 Long-Term Causes of WW1: 1. Competitive State Systems: a. European countries were in competition with everything (money, power, land, etc.). It’s a good thing these countries were not divided into states like the US, or many wars would have likely broken out because there were also many different cultures in each of these countries, and there were constant problems between them. 2. Nationalism a. This is the ultimate pride in your country and the belief that your country is the best of all. This made people willing to fight for whatever their country believed in, and empowered the Competitive State Systems. People thought their country was the absolute best and wanted other countries to know it, even if it meant war. 3. Imperialism a. This is the quest for a new empire/more land/colonies. By 1900, 90% of earth was controlled by the West. Nationalism sparked the belief that your country’s empire had to be the best and because of Competitive State Systems, this also meant each country wanted their empire to be the biggest. Great Britain and France had the largest empires, and ultimately came to blows over an area on the Nile, Fashoda. Germany caught on very quickly. Everyone wanted more than what they had, which usually meant having to take from others. 4. Trade Rivalry a. Who could make the most money selling things? The Industrial Revolution combined with new Imperialism started another competition between the European countries. Great Britain had a head start beginning in 1850, but in 1870 Germany caught on and by 1900, Germany was leading in trade. Much of this was stemmed by the fact that many German traders learned to speak African, which helped enormously considering Imperialism led to so many new colonies there. This increased the rivalry tension between Germany and Great Britain, especially since Britain wanted Africa to learn to speak English. Germany even started making shoddy products and selling them labeled “Made in UK/Great Britain.” 5. Popular Journalism a. This would have been impossible without mandatory public education and (cheap) mass publication. Literacy dramatically increased almost everywhere in Europe (except for Russia). Mass publication was made possible by the Rotary Press and the cheapest forms were called yellow journalism. It focused on scandal, war, threat of war, sex, spies, anything to keep the people enticed and stirred up.
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6. Militarism a. The Industrial Revolution had sparked a competition among nations to build better weapons to create a better military for their country. By the early 1900s there were many advances in weaponry. Smokeless powder was invented for artillery guns, and by 1890, the machine gun was perfected. In 1906, Britain launched the HMS Dreadnaught, which was the fastest battleship with the biggest guns ever mounted on a ship. It had no armor, but could shoot any other ship before the other ship was close enough to shoot it. Everyone began building dreadnaughts. Every country also
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HIST 1003 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Important - The Coming of War: 8 Long-Term Causes of WW1:...

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