The Enlightenment 10-09-06

The Enlightenment 10-09-06 - History 1003 10-09-06 The...

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History 1003 10-09-06 The Enlightenment I. General Ideas II. Political Thinkers III. Philosophes a. In General b. Voltaire IV. Enlightened Absolutism Keywords: “natural laws”, John Locke (1632 to 1704), “divine right”, political contract, natural rights, Montesquieu (1689 to 1755), Spirit of the Laws , Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard’s Almanac , Voltaire (1694 to 1778), Maria Theresia (1740 to 1780), Joseph II, Frederick II (1740 to 1786), Catherine II (1762 to 1796). Natural Laws can control human behavior, just like scientific behavior  o Woven into nature  o God’s laws on the human being  o Cannibalism is bad  o 12 year-olds should not work in factories People make progress  o not material progress, not technological progress  o over time, people use reason more and more successfully  o less haunted by superstition and prejudice  o more reasonable  o think more efficiently  o make up better principles  o intellectual progress, progress of the mind John Locke – English  o Asked the question: “What is the nature of Government?”  o Decided that governments exist because of a political contract 
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HIST 1003 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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The Enlightenment 10-09-06 - History 1003 10-09-06 The...

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