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French Revolution Conclusion

French Revolution Conclusion - The Execution Louis 16th is...

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The Execution - Louis 16 th is dead, after he dies the convention (nation government at the time) and the paris commune begin to vie for power o They split the republic apart, France is at war with everyone right now and things aren’t going well on the battle field Bad news at home The first coalition defeated the French armies in the Netherlands Within France a counter revolution begins- for the most part aristocratic and religious in nature Not everyone was cool with the revolution In 1793 March, there is a rise up against the revolution known as the Vendee- a counter revolution People are fighting the revolutionaries o The revolutionaries need a new way to assert their control, and there is a fear of foreign invasion Mounting civil insurgency The Jacobins begin centralizing the governmental authority and instate the Terror To deal with those who are against the revolution It is a large scale arresting and execution of their enemies This is allowed to happen by some laws that reduced the rights of the accused o The whole premise of the revolution was equal rights They established special courts all of which were used to prosecute those who were disloyal In March 1793, the convention passed a law that allowed armed insurgents to be tried immediately without a jury They also created and established the committee of public safety o The one the runs the Terror and the government o They continue to assume greater power They pass a war tax that included a forced loan on the wealthy and to placate the peasantry they impose a maximum price for bread o These measures further centralize the government- increasing government interference in the economy These measures lead to a split- the Jacobins who believed in state control the Gironde who believe in economic freedom - The Terror is then going to appropriate popular revolutionary violence o
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