The Age of Imperialism

The Age of Imperialism - Imperialism Imperialism is the...

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Imperialism - Imperialism is the process by which one state with superior military strength and more advanced technology imposes its control over the resources and population of a less developed region o This has above all characterizes the relations between the European powers in Asia and Africa o From the 1880’s to 1914 the European powers expand their control over much of the globe This is different from colonialism- which was from the middle of the 16 th century until the mid 19 th century This entailed economic exploitation and control over territories through settlement of a colonizing power o The motives for imperialism Political and Psychological factors There is a competition amongst the states for power and prestige o Colonies offered a way to increase a countries military and economic power- relative to its rivals The idea that having colonies was a sign of national greatness o The failure to acquire colonies is seen as a sign of national weakness Social Darwinism This is the application of some of his theories to society as a whole o They emphasized the idea that life was a struggle with the stronger surviving at the expense of the weaker Countries that failed to expand were seen as losing the struggle for survival o In addition- they thought that Europeans had an obligation to civilize the less developed people of the world Religious and Humanitarian Motives These contribute to imperialist policies During the late 19 th century there is an upsurge of Christian and missionary activity o These Christian missionaries not only sought to convert people, but also believed that they were bringing the advantages of European civilization Economic Motives In many respects, most of the colonies cost a lot more to have them
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The growth of European industry leads to demands for new sources for raw materials and a new market to sell them in o There were people who were always looking for good investment opportunities Other groups that had other motives Shipping companies, weapons manufacturers, other factories that were required by the imperialist factors o These were not the only factors or the most important Some colonies had very rich resources and materials, but many others had very few or none at all There really was no economic motive for most of the colonies, especially in Africa - The race for colonies in the imperialist powers seemed more interested in the acquisition of territory than economic advantage o During the 1870 and 1880’s the European powers have a renewed interest in expansion In great Britain the acquisition of new colonies became the new policy France achieves a domestic stability under the 3 rd republic Germany and Italy achieve national unification They see expansion as national greatness o The rapid spread of nationalism fuels imperialism The imperialist powers include G.B. France, Germany, and Italy -
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HIST 1007 taught by Professor Horton during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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The Age of Imperialism - Imperialism Imperialism is the...

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