The Era of National Unification

The Era of National Unification - The Era of National...

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The Era of National Unification - The Prussian king, William I and chancellor Otto Von Bismarck achieve German unification through shrewd manipulation of diplomacy and warfare o In the German states there was a growing nationalist sentiment But there were problems with unification The first step to unification is the ascension to power of a monarch who is up to the task o In 1858, William I becomes regent to his brother Frederick William IV because he goes crazy When Frederick William dies, he officially becomes King o While all this is going on; there is a constitutional crisis in Prussia This develops over the issue of army reform This is a crucial step in the unification In 1859 the Prussian army had tried to mobilize, and people realized they were not as strong as they needed to be o The minister of war, a conservative noble, Albrecht von Roon proposed a reform of the army This was not going to be cheap; but there was a lot of government pressure to make this happen on the parliament In 1861, despite its liberal majority passes a provisional bill that would give the army its money while they decided on the reforms The liberals had a majority in the assembly in 1861, they had the support of the people, 3 months after the elections in 1861- they refused to vote for the military budget They said von Roon would not compromise with them on it o William is irritated, and dismisses parliament There are new elections held, and more liberals are elected in- they reject the second army budget again
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HIST 1007 taught by Professor Horton during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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The Era of National Unification - The Era of National...

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