World War I actually

World War I actually - World War I Germany declares war o They were going to be at war on two fronts they had a plan for against France and Russia

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World War I - Germany declares war o They were going to be at war on two fronts; they had a plan for against France and Russia They assumed that Russia would mobilize slowly and so they developed the plan known as the Schleiffen Plan This called for a massive assault on France; as soon as they were defeated- they would deal with Russia The success of this plan depended on their rapid mobilization and swift defeat of France They would have to go through Belgium- and violate their neutrality which would anger Britain guaranteed by all European countries They do this on August 3-4 on 1914 o During the first week of the war, as they advance, a British expeditionary force is sent to France The two sides end up digging in and it leads to trench warfare The front in France becomes stalemated with the Germans controlling Belgium and a large section of France o This continues for about four years o Battle of Somme July-November 1916 July 1 1916 there is a massive British offensive against the German line and does not end until November In this battle artillery barrages failed to knock out the German barbed wire and machine guns The British troops were badly equipped, they had 66 pounds of gear while attacking When it ended, Britain had lost 420 thousand men killed and wounded French had lost 200 thousand It cost the Germans 650 thousand men to hold the line o The maximum German retreat was only a few kilometers- and for the most part the allies gained a yard - By 1917, more than three years of fighting- neither army had made any real gains o On the Eastern Front- Russia When the war had begun, the Russian had succeeded in mobilizing much faster than anticipated Their industry was inadequate to meet their countries needs for the war The Germans were able to advance successfully into Russia by 1915 o They had Lithuania and the Russian Poland invaded
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o And in 1916 they had basically defeated the Russians o The Revolutions of 1917 in Russia ended the possibility that they would
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HIST 1007 taught by Professor Horton during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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World War I actually - World War I Germany declares war o They were going to be at war on two fronts they had a plan for against France and Russia

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