Chapter 7-203 - Chapter 7: The Migration Transition...

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Chapter 7: The Migration Transition 10/12/2008 20:48:00 Internal migration —migration occurring in the same country International migration —between countries Migration —any permanent change in residence—the “detatchment from the  organization of activities at one place and the movement of the total round of activiteis  to another” Mobility —temporary movement: seasonal workers, construction workers on a  job away from home, e.g. Sojourner —international migrant seeking temporary paid employement Mover— one who moves a short distance away and do not alter round of  activities Internal and International Migrants Internally displaced persons —a person who is forced to flee from home but  seeks refuge elsewhere in the country of origin Outmigrant— with respect to where you came from Inmigrant— with respect to your destination Emigrant —in terms of place of origin Immigrant —in terms of area of destination People typically classified as migrants if they move across administrative  boundaries—within a different county within the US
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Migration flow —process of people moving from one place to another Migrant stock —those people living in a different place than where they were  born—changes as people move in and out of a given place Crude or gross rate of out-migration— relates those people to the total  midyear population in the reigion Crude rate of inmigration— total ratio of those moving into the reigion Crude net migration —net number of migrants in a year per 1000 population— uses the difference between the net in- and out-migration rates Total or gross migration rate— sum of in-migrants  Forward survival (residual) method of estimating migration— caluculates the  proportion of people who will die between two different ages, the leftover ones are  assumed to be due to immigration Migration Transition within Countries Migration transistion —the shift of people from rural to urban places Why do people migrate? Push-pull theory —some people move because they are pushed out of their  former location, whereas others move because they have been pulled or  attracted to someplace else Intervining obstacles-- obstacles between the desire to move and the actual  decision to do so
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o Distance of expected destination, cost of getting there, poor health,  etc.  Implementing strategy— migration may seem as a means to attain a better  job, more pleasant environment, etc. Two generalizations that can be made about migration
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Chapter 7-203 - Chapter 7: The Migration Transition...

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