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We the People—Chapter 3

We the People—Chapter 3 - We the...

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We the People—Chapter 3 18:53 The Federal Framework Federalism— the division of powers and functions between the national  government and the state governments Governments organize power in a variety of ways: Unitary system —a centralized government system in which lower levels of  government have little power independent of the national government  Federal system— a system of government in which the national government  shares power with lower levels of government, such as states Federalism in the Constitution US = first nation to adopt a federalist system o Sought to limit the national government by creating a second layer of state  governments o Expressed powers— specific powers granted by the Constitution to  Congress (Article I, Section 8) and to the president (Article II) o Implied powers— powers derived from the necessary and proper clause  of Article I, Section 8—not specifically expressed but are implied through  the expansive interpretation of delegated powers Necessary and Proper clause— Art. I, S. 8—provides Congress with  the authority to make all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out its  expressed powers State Government Powers o 10 th  amendment—aims to reserve powers to the states o Most fundamental power— coercion,  power to develop and enforce  criminal codes, administer health and safety rules, regulate family— regulate individual’s livelihoods Power to define private property, states define who is and is not entitled  to use a piece of property Police power— power reserved to the state government to regulate the  health, safety, and morals of its citizens
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Concurrent powers— authority possessed by both state and national  governments, such as the power to levy taxes State Obligations to Each Other o Requires states to recognize actions by others as legal and proper o Full faith and credit clause— provision from Article IV, Section 1— requires states honor the public acts and judicial decisions that take place  in another state Especially heated in the debate over gay marriage Gay adoption, etc.
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