This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Essay #2—outline 25/03/2009 20:54:00 ← Claim: • What is the good life, and how can it be achieved? This question has yet to be completely answered. Many ancient philosophers, such as Aristotle and Marcus Aurelius, a Stoic, have devoted their lives in trying to answer this question. The common foundation of both theories offered by these philosophers in answering the question, “what is a good life?” rests solely in the idea that a good life comes from within the individual. The “good life” spawns from rationality, or the capability of making moral judgments through reason of the mind as a moral agent. Humans possess a mind, thus we are by definition rational beings and capable of expressing a moral agency. As moral agents, humans are capable of achieving the good. With the idea of rationality and moral agency as their foundation, both philosophers, Artistotle and Marcus Aurelius, propose different means of achieving the good. Aristotle, in short, proposes that the ultimate virtue of prudence is the key to reach the highest good, or happiness. On the other hand, Marcus Aurelius and the Stoics proposes that if a rational being aligns their actions in accordance with Nature by following the predestined path that the divine has created on their behalf, the Gods will bless them with the highest good, or perfect tranquility of the mind. Aristotle’s prudence and the Stoics’ idea of Nature provide a meta-ethical parallel in that they both provide a mechanism that enables a man to live a “good” life. However, although this comparison exists, Aristotle’s idea of prudence provides a superior mechanism in obtaining the good life. Unlike Stoicism, Prudence offers the opportunity for a individual to draw his own moral judgment through free will and a life of morality by means of virtue. Prudence also allows the individual to enjoy and embrace the good pleasures that life has to offer mankind. ← Reasons: • Free will o individual responsibility for decisions and not predestined by a divine power o p 28 26 shows destiny in stoicism quietism epictetus 17 • Take on the roll in which you are given by nature o Cant better oneself from poor beggar to a higher standard of living through hard work and will to make something of ones life. Must you settle for something horrific? o Man has the ability to control himself as the stoics suggest. However it is the self that must perform the action. things not in our power include the body, property, reputation, office, and, in a word, everything which is not our own doing. (epic 11) our own doing....
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course ARLT 100 taught by Professor Thompson during the Spring '07 term at USC.
- Spring '07