Midterm essay #1]

Midterm essay #1] - Arts and Letters mid term essays...

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Arts and Letters mid term essays  23/02/2009 23:12:00 1. Most important point of contrasts between the methods of plato and  Aristotle? Theoretical (glimpse at theory) vs. Practical (concrete) Deductively (top to bottom) vs. Inductively (bottom to top) What makes an individual act the way they do? Policy (legislative laws/rules) vs. Disposition (imprecise/judgment calls) Plato Believes the good comes from a force outside the world  o Transcendent good Human well being is the highest aim of his moral theory  o In order to find this state of moral well being: The good= justice + happiness What is the good? o Comes from a combination of justice and happiness through the  accumulation of knowledge  What is justice? o Talks about justice within the polis  o the ruler allows the advantage of the weak to occur (to thrasymachus) for this to happen the ruler must be just 
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To be just he must be a philosopher king  highly educated: the dialects o trivium Rhetoric Logic  Grammar  o Quadrivium  Arithmetic  Geometry  Astonomy Music o Just actions derived by knowledge Make a man wise, and the wise man is good  What is happiness? o Healthy soul free of evil Pursuit of knowledge and doing ones job and doin it well act ethically and knowing how to reason (through  knowledge) during situations you encounter\ doing the right thing when u know it is right if u don’t know what is right u r ignorant and u  always act correctly if u know it to be so
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o against aristotle standing up for what u believe in even if against the norm  we see this in the Apology  o steers away from individual happiness and more towards the society the best science is political science—better to fix the  macroproblem then microproblem   motivation not only benefits the community but self  Aristotle More practical inductive reasoning (works from bottom up) Ethics are not a set of rules to abide by but rather is characterized by  deliberation between multiple options of action  Doesn’t look into the clouds but into the polis and the activities people do Believes that the good comes from earth o The state of moral goodness comes from the following and execution  of virtues Happiness= virtue+ goodness Human excellence  What is virtue o A mean of behavior for a certain action Not too cheap but not too giving  o Virtue is acquired through action however it is not the act that  goodness comes from but the doer 
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Habit  Comes from your disposition 
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course ARLT 100 taught by Professor Thompson during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Midterm essay #1] - Arts and Letters mid term essays...

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