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Unformatted text preview: 13. Price, J., Droege, S. & Price, A. The Summer Atlas of North American Birds (Academic, San Diego, 1995). 14. Robbins, C. S., Bystrak, D. & Geissler, P. H. The Breeding Bird Survey: Its First Fifteen Years, 19651979 (US Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington DC, 1986). 15. Sauer, J. R., Hines, J. E. & Fallon, J. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 19662000 Version 2001.2 (USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, Maryland, 2001); available at k ftp://pwrcftpr.er.usgs.gov/mp/bbs/DataFiles/ l . 16. Pyke, C. R., Condit, R., Aguilar, S. & Lao, S. Floristic composition across a climatic gradient in a neotropical lowland forest. J. Veg. Sci. 12, 553566 (2001). 17. Burslem, D., Whitmore, T. & Brown, G. Short-term effects of cyclone impact and long-term recovery of tropical rain forest on Kolombangara, Solomon Islands. J. Ecol. 88, 10631078 (2000). 18. Laurance, W., Ferreira, L., Rankin-De Merona, J. & Laurance, S. Rain forest fragmentation and the dynamics of Amazonian tree communities. Ecology 79, 20322040 (1998). 19. Gaston, K. J. & Blackburn, T. M. Pattern and Process in Macroecology (Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK, 2000). 20. Tokeshi, M. Species abundance patterns and community structure. Adv. Ecol. Res. 24, 111186 (1993). 21. Pielou, E. C. Mathematical Ecology (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1977). 22. Harte, J., Kinzig, A. P. & Green, J. Self-similarity in the distribution and abundance of species. Science 284, 334336 (1999). 23. Dewdney, A. K. A dynamical model of communities and a new species-abundance distribution. Biol. Bull. 198, 152165 (2000). 24. Kimura, M. The Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1983). 25. McGill, B. J. Strong and weak tests of macroecological theory. Oikos (in the press). 26. Grimmett, G. R. & Stirzaker, D. R. Probability and Random Processes (Clarendon, Oxford, UK, 1992). 27. May, R. M. in Ecology and Evolution of Communities (eds Cody, M. L. & Diamond, J. M.) 81120 (Belknap, Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1975). 28. Hilborn, R. & Mangel, M. The Ecological Detective: Confronting Models with Data (eds Levin, S. A. & Horn, H. S.) (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1997). Supplementary Information accompanies the paper on Nature s website ( http://www.nature.com/nature ). Acknowledgements I thank the numerous volunteers who spent many hours collecting the BBS data, and the professionals at Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, who have put the data into an accessible, high-quality format, as well as those who collected and published the enormously valuable BCI data set. I also thank M. Rosenzweig, B. Enquist and the students in their laboratories for stimulating my thinking in this area. The National Science Foundation provided funding for this research. B. Walsh was a useful sounding board on statistics. Finally, I thank S. Marx, M. Weiser, D. Faulk and W. Turner for suggestions on an earlier draft of this paper,S....
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