TGchapter1_Concepts

TGchapter1_Concepts - The Geography of Transport Systems...

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The Geography of Transport Systems Chapter 1 – Transportation and Geography Concepts Copyright © 1999-2007, Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY, 11549 USA. Jean-paul.Rodrigue@hofstra.edu You may use the figures within for educational purposes only. No modification or redistribution permitted. For more information: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans
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Concept 1 What is Transport Geography?
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The Transport Geography Perspective Locations (Nodes) Interactions (Flows) Infrastructures
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Transportation as a Derived Demand Working Activity Vacationing Derived Demand Manufacturing Commuting Taxi Air travel Touring bus Trucks Containership Direct Energy Indirect Warehousing
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Different Representations of Distance Euclidean Distance A B A B A B Transshipment Pickup Delivery Mode 1 Mode 2 Transshipment Pickup Delivery Mode 1 Mode 2 Order Inventory Managemen Unpacking Order Processing Packing Scheduling Sorting Warehousing Transport Distance Logistical Distance
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The Spatial Consideration of a Movement A B WalkingCycling Driving D(W) D(C) D(D) Friction of Distance Movement Distance (D) Time
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Transportation and the Mobility of Passengers and Freight Share of total passengers or tons-km Distance Passengers Commuting Shopping Recreation Business Tourism Migration Waste disposal Local distribution Trade Energy & Raw Materials Commodity Chains Freight
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European Power C C C a b c d City Port Trade Hinterland Hierarchical Spatial Flows
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Vehicle Use Indicators, World, 1950- 2004 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 Annual car production (millions) (left axis) People per automobile (left axis) Miles traveled per passenger vehicle (USA) (right axis)
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Vehicle-Miles Traveled by Cars in the United States, 1960-2004 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Billions
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Transport and Communication Costs Indexes, 1920-1990 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Sea freight rates Air transport (Average revenue per passenger-km) Telephone call (3 m inutes, New York / London) Computers
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Two Common Fallacies in Transport Geography Access vs. Accessibility Distance vs. Time a b c 10 3 3 5 5 4 3 7 2 5 8 6 7 6 4 7 6 3 3 4 6
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World Land Transportation Network Length and Density, 2002 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Land Network Length ! Less than 100,000 km ! 100,000 to 500,000 km ! 500,000 to 1.5 million km ! 1.5 million to 3.0 million km ! More than 3.0 million km Land Network Density Less than 0.25 km/km2 0.25 to 0.50 km/km2 0.50 to 1.0 km/km2 1.0 to 2.0 km/km2 More than 2.0 km/km2 Dr. J ean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University Note: Land transportation includes road and rail Source: World Bank
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Transport networks Transport demand Transport nodes Information systems Field methods Population geography Political Geography Regional planning Economic geography Historical geography Regional geography Regional economics Location theory Natural resources Resource planning Environmental studies Spatial optimization Urban geography Land use Spatial statistics, modeling Cartography Operations research World geography ECONOMICS POLITICAL SCIENCE
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TGchapter1_Concepts - The Geography of Transport Systems...

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