Ch4(8)Sept26Fa08a

Ch4(8)Sept26Fa08a - 26 September Acid/Base Reactions •...

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Unformatted text preview: 26 September Acid/Base Reactions • Also known as “_____________” reactions. • Acids and bases react to form water (usually). • _______________: substance that produces H + ions in aqueous solutions. • _______________ : substance that produces OH- ions in aqueous solutions. Strong and Weak Acids – Any acid that undergoes quantitative reaction with water to produce hydronium ions and the appropriate anion is called a _____________. – ____________ are compounds that donate protons quantitatively to hydroxide ions, but not to water . Selected Acids and Bases Acids Strong hydrochloric acid, HCl hydrobromic acid, HBr hydroiodic acid, HI nitric acid, HNO 3 sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4 perchloric acid, HClO 4 Weak hydrofluoric acid, HF phosphoric acid, H 3 PO 4 acetic acid, CH 3 COOH (or HC 2 H 3 O 2 ) Bases Strong (most are metal hydroxides) Weak sodium hydroxide, NaOH calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH) 2 potassium hydroxide, KOH strontium hydroxide, Sr(OH) 2 barium hydroxide, Ba(OH) 2 ammonia, NH 3 – HCl is a ___________ acid, when it ionizes it releases one proton per molecule: HCl H + + Cl-...
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course CHEM 109 taught by Professor Hart during the Spring '09 term at Nebraska Christian.

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Ch4(8)Sept26Fa08a - 26 September Acid/Base Reactions •...

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