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Lecture 17, Ch. 39

Lecture 17, Ch. 39 - Lecture#17 Date s Chapter 39 ~ Plant...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture #17 Date _______ s Chapter 39 ~ Plant Responses to Internal and External Signals Plant hormones s s s s s Hormone: chemical signals that coordinate parts of an organism; produced in one part of the body and then transported to other parts of the body; low concentrations Tropism: movement toward or away from a stimulus Went experiments (phototropism) Hormone: auxin Others: gravitropism, thigmotropism Auxin s s s IAA (indoleacetic acid) Location: seed embryo; meristems of apical buds and young leaves Function: stem elongation; root growth, differentiation, branching; fruit development; apical dominance; tropisms QuickTime and a Cinepak decompressor are needed to see this picture. Cytokinins s s s Zeatin Location: roots (and actively growing tissues) Function: root growth and differentiation; cell division and growth; germination; delay senescence (aging); apical dominance (w/ auxin) Gibberellins s s s GA3 Location: meristems of apical buds and roots, young leaves, embryo Function: germination of seed and bud; stem elongation; leaf growth; flowering (bolting); fruit development; root growth and differentiation Abscisic acid s s s ABA Location: leaves, stems, roots, green fruit Function: inhibits growth; closes stomata during stress; counteracts breaking of dormancy Ethylene s s s Gaseous hormone Location: ripening fruit tissue; stem nodes; aging leaves and flowers Function: fruit ripening; oppositional to auxin (leaf abscission); promotes/inhibits: growth/development of roots, leaves, and flowers; senescence Daily and Seasonal Responses s s s s s s Circadian rhythm (24 hour periodicity) Photoperiodism (phytochromes) Short-day plant: light period shorter than a critical length to flower (flower in late summer, fall, or winter; poinsettias, chrysanthemums) Long-day plant: light period longer than a critical length to flower (flower in late spring or early summer; spinach, radish, lettuce, iris) Day-neutral plant: unaffected by photoperiod (tomatoes, rice, dandelions) Critical night length controls flowering Phytochromes s s s Plant pigment that measures length of darkness in a photoperiod (red light) Pr (red absorbing) 660nm Pfr (far-red absorbing) 730nm ...
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