JSMill - John Stuart Mill (1806- 1873) The Greatest...

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John Stuart Mill (1806- 1873) The Greatest Happiness for the Greatest Number
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Three Revolutions The Enlightenment - Social Institutions ought to help people develop themselves, to make room for liberty and happiness. French Revolution - people’s actions could destroy the old feudal system - Republican Government. Industrial Revolution - leading new technology, greater wealth (unfairly distributed) long working hours, child labor, low wages, industrial towns.
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General Remarks All action is for the sake of an end Through history, thinkers, believers and humanity have been looking for : “SUMMUM BONUM” -the absolute good- Human kind look for principles- first principles MORAL INSTINCT Nature MORAL FACULTY A-priori MORAL AUTHORITY Law
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Hedonism: (Personal Hedonism) All human beings, by their very nature, cannot help but seek to maximize their own pleasure. (We are born selfish and will always choose the option we think will maximize our self-interest). All humans beings can act altruistically and not ego-centered, but you should always act to promote your own self interest. “You ought to do whatever feels good.”
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Hedonism (Impersonal): The standard is not your own personal pleasures. One’s own pleasures are not to count as worth more than any other person’s happiness or pleasure; you are to consider your own happiness or well being, but only as one among many. To say that an act is morally good is to say that it is an act of the sort that, on the whole, tends to enhance human pleasure (not just one’s own pleasure). Happiness is the only thing desirable as an end. (the only intrinsic good)
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Utilitarianism Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) Consequentialism Consequences of Actions One Standard IF THE GOOD CONSEQUENCES OUTWEIGH THE BAD CONSEQUENCES - IT IS RIGHT IF THE BAD CONSEQUENCES OUTWEIGH THE GOOD CONSEQUENCES - IT IS WRONG
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JEREMY BENTHAM Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two masters: PAIN- PLEASURE Utility means “The greatest happiness of the greatest number” QUALITY QAUNTITY THE PRINCIPLE OF UTILITY IS THE PRINCIPLE WHICH APPROVES OR DISAPPROVES OF EVERY ACTION
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“The greatest happiness of the greatest number” QUALITY
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HUM 282927 taught by Professor Edwards during the Fall '08 term at Florida State College.

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JSMill - John Stuart Mill (1806- 1873) The Greatest...

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