DescartesAndHume - Rene Descartes Is certainty Possible? Is...

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Rene Descartes Is certainty Possible? Is it possible for epistemology to arrive at any certain knowledge? How would it go about finding it?
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Descartes’ Meditations and Discourse of Method There is an intrinsic method in Descartes’ Meditation. This method is found in Descartes’ first and most important work: “Discourse on the Method”. This discourse in an application of the method itself, and his meditations, follow this method of inquiry or doubt . There are four principles to the method: 1. To accept only what is ‘clear and distinct’ and has no occasion to doubt. 2. To divide up each of the difficulties which I examined into as many parts 3.To create order: from the most simple to the most complex 4.To make enumerations
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First Principle: “To accept only what is ‘clear and distinct’ and has no occasion to doubt” “I can justify the rejection of all my beliefs if in each I can find some ground for doubt.” Opinion- others Rationalism- mathematics Knowledge- logic/science Truth- universal Faith- God Perception- Senses Intuition- emotion
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Second Principle: “To divide up each of the difficulties which I examined into as many parts” a. What I have accepted as most true and certain comes from the senses . Senses: hear, sight, touch, smell,(emotion). Can I rely on the senses? water feels cold to a hand which has been in warm water and warm to a hand which has been in cold water A stick looks bent in the water; railroad tracks seem to come together in the distance;
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b. Awake/Asleep: “. . . there are no certain indications by which we may clearly distinguish wakefulness from sleep . . .” “… there is nothing in waking life which “I cannot also believe myself to feel when I am asleep.” c. Sciences; most of the observations ( through the senses) and conclusion and theories that scientific knowledge attained are based on existent things-objects of sensorial perception. d. God - Could God be a deceiver?
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HUM 282927 taught by Professor Edwards during the Fall '08 term at Florida State College.

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DescartesAndHume - Rene Descartes Is certainty Possible? Is...

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