PhilosophyOfReligionWAndE

PhilosophyOfReligionWAndE - The Existence of God Reason and...

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PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION The Existence of God Reason and Faith God’s Attributes. Chance or Design? Cosmological Argument Ontological Argument. God: The Necessary Being? The Problem of Evil Agnosticism
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Philosophy of Religion How is god/God to be conceived? What is the nature of God? Can reason establish that there is a god/God? Are there any reasons, apart form religious faith itself, to believe in the existence of God?
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Reason and Faith Reason: Human intellect abilities Our capacity to form beliefs for good reasons, on the basis of evidence: Empirical or Rational. Faith: A set of beliefs at least some of which are not supported by evidence; faith goes beyond available evidence. Faith is a gift of God- supernatural.
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Natural Theology The study of God, His attributes and His relation to the world. Beliefs are established by reason working independently of any revelation. Dogmatic Theology A belief that is mandatory for members of a particular religion
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God’s Divine Attributes Omnipotence: God is perceived doctrinally as all- powerful. God can do anything. God created the world ex-nihilo ( from nothing) Omniscience: God is all-knowing. God just knows God knows miraculously. God Knows in a way beyond our understanding. Immutability: unchanging God. Eternally: God exists at any moment of time. Omni benevolence: God is all good.
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THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT or CHANCE OR DESIGN? Argument: in its broadest sense it is an argument to support the thesis that the universe is designed ; not necessarily the creation of a theistic God. When the Greeks spoke of a cosmic designer they obviously had no idea of the God conceived by the Jewish, Christian and Muslim traditions. In examining the Design Argument, therefore, we need to divide it into two parts: firstly, the argument in support of a ‘Theistic God’ ; secondly, the argument in support of a ‘Cosmic Design’
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The Design Argument to Support the Existence of a Theistic God It is important to be aware that under the term ‘theism’ there exists a diverse range of polytheistic and monotheistic beliefs. However, in this particular argument, as it was developed in the eighteenth century, theism was usually understood as a reference to the ‘classical’ concept of God, as elaborated by Thomas Aquinas and most commonly understood by the Catholic and Anglican traditions of the period. Briefly, God is perceived as single, omnipotent (all-powerful), omniscient (all-knowing), and benevolent (all-good). This is also the orthodox view for Jews and Muslims.
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THE ARGUMENT : Premises: The purposive organization of man-made object is evidence of the intelligence and purpose of the maker. The world contains many natural objects (plants, animals,
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PhilosophyOfReligionWAndE - The Existence of God Reason and...

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