HumanRights - HUMAN RIGHTS & JUSTICE "We hold...

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HUMAN RIGHTS & JUSTICE “We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal , that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights , that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness .”
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Natural Rights and Human Rights
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Natural Rights Are socially recognized. What do we mean by nature? Non Artificial Rights : Pre-legal rights, before written laws ( Parent-child) Species Natural Rights: Aristotle- the potential contained in one species nature ( birds have a right to fly) Involuntary Enforced Rights: Enforced by laws of nature- (Thought- Voluntary/Involuntary Action) Right to defend one’s life.
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Human Rights: These are voluntarily exercised and enforced Justification: A desire to fellowship of all external beings. A desire to live in peace. Dialogue among participants. Theological Based on a doctrine: ‘All human beings merits respect because she or he as a divine nature,”- made in the image of God. Non-Theological Duty based: the existence of certain “duties” to myself and others. (rational – Kant’s Moral respect and dignity)
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Early Political, Religious, and Philosophical Sources King John of England: After the king violated a number of ancient laws and customs by which England had been governed, his subjects forced him to sign the Magna Carta, or Great Charter. The right of the church to be free from governmental interference. The rights of all free citizens to own and inherit property and be free from excessive taxes. It established the right of widows who owned property to choose not to remarry, and established principles of due process and equality before the law. It also contained provisions forbidding bribery and official misconduct.
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In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in Europe several philosophers proposed the concept of "natural rights," rights belonging to a person by nature and because he was a human being, not by virtue of his citizenship in a particular country or membership in a particular religious or ethnic
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HumanRights - HUMAN RIGHTS & JUSTICE "We hold...

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