JamesSterba - The Justification of Morality and the...

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The Justification of Morality and the Behavior of Women James P. Sterba
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Morality and Rationality Morality is not only rationally permissible Other rational action could also be permissible i.e egoism/immorality. Morality is rationally required Excludes actions that are permissible i.e. egoism/immorality. According to Sterba, Gewirth and Korsgaard attempt but failed to show morality as rational required.
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Gewirth’s failure… Gewirth’s premise # 3 “My freedom and well- being are necessary goods,” is a prudential right not a moral right . A prudential right, is an action guiding for the right holder only, and not for others. The conclusion (premises #14, #15) depends upon the impossibility of interpreting the universal right in the conclusion of his argument as anything other than a Moral Right. The argument makes the moral right primary but not required: It does not justify rationally the ‘ought’ of an action.
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Korsgaard Argument…I “The reflective structure of human consciousness requires that your identify yourself with some law or principle that will govern your choices. It requires you to be a law to yourself. And that is the source of normativity.” The necessity of acting in the light of reflection makes us authorities over ourselves- we can make different laws for ourselves. Through reflection we can make laws that are normative. …(If) the laws that we favor ranges over the interest of every rational being we will be moral.
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Korsgaard’s Argument….II Moral Obligation: Because of the reflective structure of human consciousness gives us legislative authority over ourselves, we are able to obligate
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HUM 282927 taught by Professor Edwards during the Fall '08 term at Florida State College.

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JamesSterba - The Justification of Morality and the...

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