JohnRawls - A Theory of Justice "Justice as...

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A Theory of Justice “Justice as Fairness” John Rawls
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A Definition of Justice… At the center of the basic structure of society is “the original agreement.” The original agreement is the set of principles that any rational being would accept in “an initial position of equality” Rawls wants to present higher principles of justice than the theories of the social contract: John Locke Hobbes Rousseau Kant
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Social Contract. . Social contract theory is the view that morality is founded solely on uniform social agreements that serve the best interests of those who make the agreement; social contract theory is an outgrowth of natural law theory. John Locke argued that the state of nature is a pre- political, yet moral society where humans are bound by divinely commanded natural law. A social contract is made between citizens who institute a government to prevent people from occasionally violating natural law and showing partiality.
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The foundation of Hobbes's theory (humans are in a natural state of war) is the view that humans are psychologically motivated by only selfish interests. Hobbes argued that, for purely selfish reasons, the agent is better off living in a world with moral rules than one without moral rules. Without moral rules, we are subject to the whims of other people's selfish interests.
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that the state of nature is not a state of war, but a state of individual freedom where creativity flourishes. Since a fully mature person is a social person, a social contract is established to regulate social interaction. This contract between citizens establishes an absolute democracy which is ruled by the general will, or what is best for all people. But the social order is a sacred right which is the
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2009 for the course HUM 282927 taught by Professor Edwards during the Fall '08 term at Florida State College.

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JohnRawls - A Theory of Justice "Justice as...

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