lecture 10_15

lecture 10_15 - The Judiciary Creation and Changes...

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The Judiciary The Judiciary Creation and Changes Contemporary Structure Selection of Judges
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Creation of the Judiciary Judiciary Act of 1789 Three-tiered system: 13 District Courts – Why? 3 Circuit Courts ( Courts of Appeal ) Supreme Court (6)
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Early Courts Jay Court: 1790-1795 Marshall Court: 1801-1835
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A Changing Court, I Civil War to Great Depression Regulation of business The Supreme Court reflected the views of corporations where justices often had worked
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A Changing Court, II FDR FDR’s court-packing plan (1936) influenced Court behavior “Switch in time that saved nine”
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A Changing Court, III The Warren Court (1953-1969) – sympathized with powerless groups and unpopular individuals in such areas as: Civil liberties and rights; Criminal defendants’ and alleged subversives’ rights
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The Burger Court (1969-1986) - eroded some liberal doctrine but left most intact and remained committed generally The Rehnquist Court
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lecture 10_15 - The Judiciary Creation and Changes...

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