Lecture 11_19 - Candidate evaluations Issue positions Party...

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Ideology and Voting Behavior Ideology Voting Behavior
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IDEOLOGY Ideology: an interrelated set of attitudes about the proper goals of society (especially government ) and how those goals should be achieved. Conservative-liberal dimension
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Are Citizens Ideologically Sophisticated? Levels of Conceptualization 3% Ideologues 9% Near ideologues 42% Group interest 24% Nature of the times 23% No issue content
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Are Citizens Ideologically Sophisticated? Attitude constraint Interrelated on a liberal- conservative dimension? What goes with what.
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Are Citizens Ideologically Sophisticated? Attitude stability Consistency over time
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Implications of Converse’s Research Communication between citizens and elites Holding elites accountable
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Critiques of Converse’s Research Limits of liberal-conservative dimension Use in-depth interviews Timebound?
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Where do you fit? Which is a better way to measure citizens’ political views: the single liberal- conservative dimension or the multi-dimensional typology?
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Voting Behavior Political party identification
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Unformatted text preview: Candidate evaluations Issue positions Party Identification A psychological attachment that individuals feel toward a party, Implies no formal or organization membership Not the same as vote choice Erosion of Support for Parties Dealignment – the diminished relevance of parties caused by: An increase in the number of independents; Split-ticket voting; Disinterest in parties Party Identification Nevertheless, PID is critical Acts as a filter Candidate evaluations Issue positions Candidate Evaluations Personality and performance are key factors in determining whether the public will support candidates Competence Trustworthiness Issues Issue votes involve voters having a position, recognizing differences between candidates, and voting for the candidate who is closest to them Issues Retrospective voting involves voting on the basis of past performance...
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