IE577_lecture8

IE577_lecture8 - IE/PSY 577 Session 8 Human Information...

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IE/PSY 577 Session 8 Human Information Processing and Psychophysical Methods
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IE/PSY 577 Session 8 Human Information Processing The “Cognitive Revolution” occurred in psychology in the 1950s 2 Widespread adoption of the human information processing approach Occurred around the same time as the founding of Human Factors as a field, and the rise of the approach parallels that of Human Factors
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IE/PSY 577 Session 8 Human Information Processing Characterizes human as communication system Models depict flow of information 3 through processing stages Theories can be developed that describe the way in which information pertaining to overt stimuli and responses is represented and processed by human and nonhuman organisms.
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IE/PSY 577 Session 8 3 Stages of Human Information Processing ERCEPTION OGNITION CTION 4 PERCEPTION COGNITION ACTION S R 3 kinds of processing limitations at each stage: 1. Data-limited 2. Resource-limited 3. Structurally-limited
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IE/PSY 577 Session 8 An Elaborated Model Sensory Information Pattern Organization esponse Response Selection Decision Making 5 Response Activation Response Preparation Thought STM LTM Attention Feedback Output Input
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IE/PSY 577 Session 8 A Model for Performance of Visual Information Processing Visual TM Auditory TM 6 LTM LTM Limited Capacity Visual Form System Limited Capacity Acoustic Form System Response Selection Limited Capacity Translator Visual Symbols Array Response
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Session 8 Stimulus Identification levant = Stimulus Comparison ? Verification ? si = sj Abort r k Identify Relevant Program Execute r j NO NO YES Congruent Dimensional Overlap 7 relevant = s i irrelevant = s j S j r k Identity Stimulus Identification relevant = sj Stimulus Element si = sj Execute r k Response Identification -search
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IE577_lecture8 - IE/PSY 577 Session 8 Human Information...

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