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IE370Lecture1 - 1.1 Materials Manufacturing and the...

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8/24/2008 1 Chapter 01: Introduction 1.1 Materials, Manufacturing, and the Standard of Living square6 Standard of living of a society is determined by the goods and services that are available to its people square6 Manufactured goods boxshadowdwn Producer goods: square6 Intermediate goods used to manufacture either producer or consumer goods boxshadowdwn Consumer goods: square6 Purchased directly by the consumer History of Materials square6 The development of materials and man’s ability to process them is linked to the history of man boxshadowdwn Stone Age boxshadowdwn Copper and Bronze Age boxshadowdwn Iron Age boxshadowdwn Steel Age square6 The current age is that of plastics, composite materials, and alloys Product Development square6 Sustaining technology: boxshadowdwn Innovations bring more value to the consumer boxshadowdwn Improvements in materials, processes, and design square6 Product growth normally follows the “S” curve Figure 1-1a) A product development curve
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8/24/2008 2 Interactive Factors in Manufacturing square6 Factors boxshadowdwn Product design boxshadowdwn Materials boxshadowdwn Labor costs boxshadowdwn Equipment boxshadowdwn Manufacturing costs square6 Strategies to reduce cost boxshadowdwn Lean manufacturing boxshadowdwn Systems approach Figure 1-2 Manufacturing cost is the largest part of the selling price, usually around 40%. The largest part of the manufacturing cost is materials, usually 50%. 1.2 Manufacturing and Production Systems square6 Manufacturing is the ability to make goods and services to satisfy societal needs boxshadowdwn Manufacturing processes are strung together to create a manufacturing system (MS) square6 Production system is the total company and includes manufacturing systems Figure 1-3 The manufacturing system converts inputs to outputs using processes to add value to the goods for the external customer. Manufacturing and Production Systems square6 Goods boxshadowdwn Material things square6 Services boxshadowdwn Nonmaterial things square6 Service Production Systems (SPSs) boxshadowdwn Nonmaterial systems that do not provide a product (i.e. banking, health care, education, etc.) Figure 1-4 The functions and systems of the production
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IE370Lecture1 - 1.1 Materials Manufacturing and the...

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