Exam 1 Notes - ylenol independent var iable ifferences dependent var iable Sociology 1004 Exam 1 Study Guide Contents The Sociological Perspective

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Unformatted text preview: ylenol- independent var iable ifferences- dependent var iable Sociology 1004 Exam 1 Study Guide Contents The Sociological Perspective I. Sociology is a SCIENCE I t studies the observable, in a systematic & unbiased manner What it studies (human interaction) is patterned/ repetitive- Hence: the possibility of discovering Scientific Laws Are there exceptions to the patterns which scientists discover?- Don’t dwell on the exceptions! I I. Sociology- the systematic and objective study of human social interaction Psychology- internal, individual motivations, defense mechanisms Sociology- motivation outside the individual, social forces- Robert K. Murtin • Grand Slam vs. Home Run a. Psychology- reflexes, hand-eye coordination, ability to hit ball b. Sociology- position in batting order Levels of Analysis in Sociology- Micro – Interpersonal (Waitress-Diner) • Deuce: 2 people/ $20 for 2/ $3 • 4 people/ $28 per 2/ $5 • 6 people/ $35 per 2/ $9 a. Product of Social Interaction- Meso – Organizations (Downsizing)- Macro – Society (Veterinarians) Why study sociology?- C. Wright Mills • “Development of the ‘sociological imagination’”- Understand the social forces underlying behavior • e.g. Private Troubles (unemployment) vs. Social Problems (corporate restructuring) • what are the social forces, beyond the control of any individual, which affect our lives? H istory of Sociology I. Protestant Reformation 16th Century- Luther 1530s-40s- Calvin 1540s- 50s I I. Sacred to Secular- Galileo 1610-1630s- Newton 1717-1720s I I I.The Englightenment The “Age of Reason” 17 th – 18 th Centuries Status to Contract Great Person Approach Auguste Comte (1838- French) • “Father of Sociology” • Social Physics Harriet Martineau (1840s- English) • Pioneer in observational research methods • Comparative study of US & British stratification systems • Women’s rights & gender inequality Herbert Spencer (1850s- English) • Social Philosopher • Social Darwinism • Society as biological organism • Survival of the fittest Karl Marx (1850- German/ English) • Social Philosopher • Class o Bourgeoisie – owners (thesis) vs. o Proletariat – employees (antithesis) I. Conflict synthesis= classless society (not possible) • BUT there’s never been conflict in industrialized societies, only agrarian o Class consciousness- proletariat must develop one I. Classes aren’t aware of what lifestyles other classes are living I I. People actually believe that they have a change (lottery) I I I. “religion is the opiate of the masses” – television is the opiate of the masses Emile Durkheim (1890s – French) • Advances in Empirical/ Quantitative Research Methods o Analyzed census records on suicides/ causes of deaths • 1895 Study of Suicide o Studied the extent to which it was caused by society, not merely individual Altruistic (other caused) – over integration into a group (soldiers vs. (other caused) – over integration into a group (soldiers vs....
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2009 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Exam 1 Notes - ylenol independent var iable ifferences dependent var iable Sociology 1004 Exam 1 Study Guide Contents The Sociological Perspective

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