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Unformatted text preview: o Abiotic condition 1 vs. abiotic condition 2-Variability of biological systems o Genetic variation o Phenotypic variation o Temporal and spatial variability in Environmental conditions Resources o Biological accounting Benefits vs. costs Births vs. deaths Colonizations vs. extinctions o Networks Gene networks Food webs Nutrient cycling Possibility for complex indirect interactions o Feedbacks Negative feedbacks stabilize systems Positive feedbacks are destabilizing Runaway selection tfg...
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